How to solve dredge pump leaking problem?

2019-07-09 17:46:45 Source: dredge pump for sale|24/7 on line|China Do Pump

News Digest:How to solve dredge pump leaking problem?, Do pump is a dredge pump solution provide, including how to select dredge pump, dredge pump for sale, dredge pump design, and dredge pump problems and solution. Dredge pumps include on board dredge pump, ladder d

How to solve dredge pump leaking problem?

Do pump is a dredge pump solution provide, including how to select dredge pump, dredge pump for sale, dredge pump design, and dredge pump problems and solution. Dredge pumps include on board dredge pump, ladder dredge pump, single walled dredge pump, double walled dredge pump, submersible dredge pump, booster dredge pump, hydraulic dredge pump etc.

Mechanical seals are the main cause of dredge pump leakage, but mechanical seals themselves are a highly demanding precision component with high requirements for design, machining, and assembly quality. When using mechanical seals, the various factors of using mechanical seals should be analyzed to make the mechanical seals suitable for the technical requirements of the various dredge pumps and the medium requirements and sufficient lubrication conditions to ensure long-term reliable operation of the seals.

Mechanical seals, also known as end seals, have a pair of end faces that are perpendicular to the axis of rotation. The end faces, depending on the fluid pressure and compensating for the mechanical external elastic force, rely on the fit of the auxiliary seal to remain attached to the other end and slide relative to each other to prevent fluids. leakage. 

Common leakage 

The proportion of leakage of mechanical seals accounts for more than 50% of all maintenance dredge pumps. The operation of mechanical seals directly affects the normal operation of dredge pumps. The summary analysis is as follows.

Periodic leakage

 

(1) The axial displacement of the dredge pump rotor is large, the interference between the auxiliary seal and the shaft is large, and the moving ring cannot move flexibly on the shaft. After the dredge pump is turned over and the moving and stationary rings are worn, no compensation displacement is obtained. 

Countermeasure: When assembling the mechanical seal, the axial yaw of the shaft should be less than 0.1mm, and the interference between the auxiliary seal and the shaft should be moderate. While ensuring the radial seal, the moving ring can be flexibly moved on the shaft after assembly ( Press the moving ring against the spring to bounce back freely). 

(2) Insufficient amount of lubricant on the sealing surface causes dry friction or a brushed end face. 

Countermeasure: The height of the lubricating oil in the chamber of the oil chamber should be added to the sealing surface above the dynamic and static rings. 

(3) The rotor periodically vibrates. The reason is that the stator is not centered with the upper and lower end caps or the impeller and the main shaft are unbalanced, cavitation or bearing damage (wear), which shortens the seal life and creates leakage. 

Countermeasure: The above problem can be corrected according to the maintenance standard. 

2. The grinding shaft phenomenon caused by leakage of small submersible sewage dredge pump seal 

(1) The failure of the small dredge pump seal below 715kW often produces the grinding shaft. The grinding shaft position mainly includes the following: The moving ring auxiliary sealing ring, the static ring position, and a few springs have the grinding shaft phenomenon. 

(2) The main reason for grinding the shaft: 

1BIA type double-face mechanical seal, the back pressure state is a bad working condition, particles and impurities in the medium can easily enter the sealing surface, and the seal is invalid. 

2 The main part of the grinding shaft is a rubber bellows, and because the upper end sealing surface is in a poor lubrication state, the friction torque between the dynamic and static rings is greater than the transmission torque between the rubber bellows and the shaft, and relative rotation occurs. 

3 The dynamic and static ring auxiliary seals are inelastic due to the corrosion of weak acid and weak alkali in the sewage. Some have rotted, lost their proper function, and produced a phenomenon of grinding the shaft. 

(3) In order to solve the above problems, the following measures are taken: 

1 Ensure the cleanliness of the lower end cover and the oil compartment, and prohibit assembly of unclean lubricant. 

The oil level line in the chamber of the 2 machine seal chamber should be higher than the seal surface of the static and dynamic ring. 

3 According to different media, choose different structure of the machine seal. For the high lift dredge pump, the machine seal structure should be redesigned. For the corrosive medium rubber, the weak acid and weak base fluororubber should be selected. The machine seal static ring should be added to prevent resale. 

Leakage due to pressure 

(1) Mechanical seal leakage caused by high pressure and pressure wave. Because the spring specific pressure and total specific pressure design are too large and the pressure in the sealed chamber exceeds 3 MPa, the sealing end face is overpressured, the liquid film is difficult to form, and the sealing end face is seriously worn. The heat is increased, causing thermal deformation of the sealing surface. 

Countermeasure: When assembling the machine seal, the spring compression must be carried out according to the regulations. It is not allowed to be too large or too small. The mechanical seal under high pressure should take measures. In order to make the end face force reasonable, minimize the deformation, use hard alloy, ceramic and other materials with high compressive strength, and strengthen the cooling lubrication measures, select the transmission mode, such as keys, pins, etc. 

(2) Mechanical seal leakage caused by vacuum operation During the start and stop process, due to the blockage of the dredge pump inlet, the gas contained in the dredge pumping medium, etc., it may cause negative pressure in the sealed chamber. If the pressure is negative in the sealed chamber, The dry end face of the seal is caused to dry, and the built-in mechanical seal will cause air leakage (water). The difference between the vacuum seal and the positive pressure seal lies in the directional difference of the seal object, and the mechanical seal also has adaptability in one direction. 

Countermeasure: Double mechanical seals are used to help improve lubrication and improve sealing performance. Cast iron electrode 

Leakage due to media 

(1) After the mechanical seals of most submersible sewage dredge pumps are disassembled, the auxiliary seals of the static ring and the moving ring are inelastic, and some have decayed, resulting in a large amount of leakage of the machine seal and even the phenomenon of grinding the shaft. Due to the high temperature, the weak acid and weak alkali in the sewage, the corrosion of the static ring and the moving ring auxiliary rubber seals caused the mechanical leakage to be too large. The dynamic and static ring rubber sealing ring material is nitrile-40, which is not resistant to high temperature. Not resistant to acid and alkali, it is easy to corrode when the sewage is acidic and alkaline. 

Countermeasures: For corrosive media, rubber parts should be made of fluororubber with high temperature resistance, weak acid resistance and weak alkali. 

(2) Mechanical seal leakage caused by solid particles impurities If solid particles enter the sealing end face, it will scratch or accelerate the wear of the sealing end face, and the accumulation speed of scale and oil on the shaft (sleeve) surface exceeds the wear speed of the friction pair, resulting in The moving ring cannot compensate for the wear displacement, and the hard-to-hard friction pair has a longer operating life than the hard-to-graph graphite friction pair because the solid particles are embedded in the sealing surface of the graphite sealing ring. 

Countermeasure: The mechanical seal of tungsten carbide to tungsten carbide friction pair should be used at the position where solid particles are easy to enter. 

Mechanical seal leakage due to other problems 

There are also unreasonable places in the mechanical seal for design, selection, and installation. 

(1) The amount of spring compression must be carried out according to the regulations. It is not allowed to be too large or too small. The error is ±2mm. The compression amount is too large to increase the end face specific pressure. The friction heat is too much, which causes the sealing surface to be thermally deformed and accelerate the end face wear. If the compression amount is too small, the end face of the static and dynamic ring is insufficient, so it cannot be sealed. 

(2) Mounting the shaft (or bushing) of the moving ring seal The end face and the end face of the sealing gland (or housing) on which the static ring seal is installed should be chamfered and polished to avoid damage to the static and dynamic ring seal during assembly. 

The above summarizes the more common causes of leakage in mechanical seals. The mechanical seal itself is a highly demanding precision component, which has high requirements for design, machining and assembly quality. When using mechanical seals, the various factors of using mechanical seals should be analyzed to make the mechanical seals suitable for the technical requirements of the various dredge pumps and the medium requirements and sufficient lubrication conditions to ensure long-term reliable operation of the seals.

For more information, contact dredge pump for sale at info@dopumpgroup.com or call us at +8615031104888

Next:Dredge pump solution-5 reasons of no slurry is piped out

Prev:Questionnaire and solutions of dredge pump during operation

  • AddressXinhe Street, Xingtang Industrial Zone,Shijiazhuang, Hebei
  • Phone Number0086-15031104888
  • Emailinfo@dopumpgroup.com

Dredge Pump For Sale|24/7 on line|China Do Pump Sitemap